Friday, September 14, 2012


Forwarded message ----------

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 07:35:08 -0400

From: AFCEA Professional Development Center


Subject: c4i-pro AFCEA Training: Military Satellite Communications

AFCEA Course 102AJ

Military Satellite Communications

November 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 1998

This course is Classified SECRET.


Fees: Government Personnel $990

Industry $1,395

Location: AFCEA International Headquarters, Fairfax, Virginia

Satellite communications dominate current and planned military and

government communications systems. This course provides an in-depth

understanding of current and future military satellite communications.

The military requirements and threat are developed. The communication

aspects of the system (e.g. modulation, coding, and multiple-access) are

emphasized and the key problems of communicating in a jamming and/or

nuclear environment are presented. All of the current and future

military and commercial satellite systems are described. The topics

provide a comprehensive perspective of satellite communications for

military applications.

The course is evenly balanced between general principles and discussions

of specific systems. The course will include demonstrations of various

satellite communications equipment.


This course describes the fundamental aspects of satellite communication

systems engineering with emphasis on the description of current and

projected satellite networks for military usage.


The course is designed for military communications systems planners,

engineers, managers, operators, system analysts, and decision makers who

need a thorough understanding of military satellite communications

systems design. A general background in communications is recommended.

COURSE OUTLINE: Military Satellite Communications

Overview of Satellite Communications

Basic Principles of Satellite Communications. Orbits. Frequencies.

Model of Satellite Communications Systems. Systems Elements (terminals,

spacecraft, channel)and their interrelation. EIRP, G/T. Link Equations.

The Communications System

Relationship of C/N or Eb/No to Maximum Data Rate or Voice Quality for

Various Modulation Schemes

Digital Modulation: e.g. BPSK, QPSK, MFSK Performance in Additive

White Gaussian Noise Channels and Rayleigh Fading Channels

Error Control: Coding and Encoding Techniques, FEC Techniques,

Viterbi Decoding, Interleaving

Multiple Access: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA

Communications Satellites

Spacecraft and Payload Design

Launch Vehicle Considerations

Satellite Terminals

General Earth Station Description, Antennas, Feeds, Waveguides,

Mounts and Pointing Schemes, Up and Down Converters, High Power

Amplifiers (HPA), Low Noise Amplifiers (LNA), Radomes, Examples of

Existing and Planned Military UHF, SHF, EHF, and Commercial Terminals.

Performance in a Jamming Environment

The Jamming Threat: Power vs. Frequency, Technology Projections

Jamming Strategies: Wideband Noise, Partial Band, Tone Jamming,

Frequency Following

Model of Channel with Jamming

Anti-Jam Techniques (i) Spread Spectrum Techniques; Pseudo-Noise,

Frequency Hopping; Performance, (ii) Antenna Nulling; Principles,

Capabilities, (iii) On-Board Processing

Performance in Nuclear Environment

Description of Nuclear Environment. Nuclear Effects on

Propagation; Absorption, Amplitude and Phase Scintillation; Rayleigh

Channel Model, Decorrelation Time and

Frequency-Selective Bandwidth.

Mitigation Techniques; Diversity, Coding, Interleaving.

Performance of Pseudo-Noise and Frequency-Hopping Schemes.

Current Military Satellite Systems

Current MILSATCOM Architecture

Defense Satellite Communication System; DSCS III





Future Military Satellite Systems

Future MILSATCOM Architecture

MILSTAR II System and Advanced EHF

SHF Replenishment

Commercial Satellite Systems

Domestic and Regional Satellites


DOD Use of Commercial Satellite Systems

Future Commercial Systems: IRIDIUM, GLOBALSTAR

Lessons Learned

Operation Just Cause

Desert Storm



Dr. Harry L. Van Trees

Course Coordinator and Lecturer

Dr. Harry L. Van Trees is Distinguished Professor of Information

Technology, Electrical, and Systems Engineering and Director of Center

of Excellence in C3I at George Mason University. He was previously

President of M/A-COM Government Systems. Prior to that he served as

Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (C3I) and Acting

Assistant Secretary of Defense (C3I). Previous experience includes

Chief Scientist, U.S. Air Force; Assistant Vice President, Advanced

Systems, Communications Satellite Corporation; Associate Director and

Chief Scientist, Defense Communications Agency and Professor of

Electrical Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is

the author of the classic three volume set, "Detection, Estimation, and

Modulation Theory" and editor of the IEEE Press book on "Satellite


Dr. Stephen D. Huffman is Chief Engineer with the MITRE Corporation,

Information Systems and Technology Division.

Dr. Heywood Paul has more than 25 years of experience in communications

systems design and analysis. He is Chief Scientist of SAIC Information

Technology Group supporting DISA’s Center for Systems Engineering on

design and development of DSCS and future SHF MILSATCOM.

Mr. Mitchell Leachman is leader of the Military Satellite Communications

Systems Team at ANSER. He has been performing SATCOM system analyses,

especially with the Milstar system, since 1991.

Mr. James A. Mazzei is a Consultant, Booz, Allen & Hamilton in the areas

of satellite communications, terminals and commercial satellites. He

has over 30 years experience with military earth stations, satellite

operations, programs, and test evaluation.

Mr. Michael Witteried is a Senior Engineer with Marshall Associates. He

has over 20 years experience in the satellite area.

Officers and senior civilians from the various government organizations

will also participate.

To register: and scroll down and click on courses, then

Course Registration. Download the Clearance form and have it completed

by your security officer and appropriate supervisor and fax to


Or call the AFCEA Professional Development Center at 703/631-6135 or